ARCH. MARIA STAYNOVA, ARCH. VIOLETKA SLAVOVA, ARCH. IVANKA IVANOVA, ARCH. KRASIMIR KRUMOV, ARCH. DANIELA SLAVOVA
The shelter is not a house to live, it is for saving lives "- almost every conversation of trying to understand our task best, it was like that. And that is why conversations were many and with different people who would have been the same in a single situation: when the shelter would save them. We spoke to sworn mountaineers, amateur tourists, people who were only a few times in their lives in the mountains, skiers and snowboarders, we studied the location of the shelter, the features of Vitosha, the contemporary solutions for other "survival capsules" And the latest technologies in the field of sustainable design. The accumulated information broke into several challenges that formed the principles of the ball. The environment forms: the shelter of 2050. Is nothing different from the shelter of – 2017 year? Intelligent resource utilization: besides generating the energy it needs, the sustainable building uses it optimally. "The most sustainable thing is change": technologies are constantly developing and the shelter of 2017. Must flexibly provide the opportunity for integration of those of 2050. Human behaviour can change: vandalism and ruin are a matter of design. The shelter seems to have been formed by mountain conditions. Unobtrusive but high-tech. Reflects its surroundings to stay unnoticed for people who are not looking for it. He is smart: in bad conditions, he immediately indicates his location to the person in distress and shelters him.
The shelter provides the necessary minimum for survival. It enters the porch, isolated from the wind and the rain. There are seating areas with extra features on both sides. Under one is the "dry chamber" for drying wet shoes, and under the other - a container with collected drinking water. Inside, the shelter is spacious and has no need for any extras, everything is integrated into the walls, providing maximum useable space. When a person comes in under bad conditions, his built-in sensors activate the heated floor. A screen with a direct connection to the WWW and information on meteorological conditions lights up against it. Below is a medicine box built in the wall. The soft floor and low windows predispose to sit on the ground. It can sleep comfortably for 6 people. The capacity of the shelter increases as the hammocks embedded in its walls expand. They are three in number, of high quality and robust fabric. In a stowed state, they are wrapped in special boxes and attached to their adjacent rings. The shelter also has 2 boxes of rope for drying clothes, working on the same principle. In each module there is an integrated LED lighting located in the higher part of the ceiling. Modularity and construction The shelter is made up of 4 modules and the system allows 2 sizes: 80cm and 120cm. The modules are divided into external and internal, which allows the facility to grow and its capacity. Under different conditions, Module C may have a different function - a sanitary cell, a dormitory, a warehouse, a branch in other directions. Module D e with an energy wall and a built-in wind turbine - always oriented towards the direction of the strongest prevailing wind. The design of each module is made of recycled aluminum frames and is inspired by aircraft construction due to the need for low weight due to the minimal number of helicopter fields needed to carry it in place. Assembling The four modules are manufactured in a factory environment and are fully equipped with installations and finishing interior materials. In the mountain, the foundations are installed, which have minimal point and self-leveling contact with the terrain and allow easy assembly and disassembly. Modules are brought by helicopter. Each one is placed on the "rails" of the already assembled bases, which serve as guides for the perfect fitting and assembling of the connections between them. Only the outer casing is performed on site after the modules have been joined. Transport The dimensions of the modules are specifically tailored to fit optimally into a shipping container and / or truck: 1 standard container would hold 8 modules. Four hooks attached to the main aluminum structure of each module are used to attach ropes to a helicopter.